place for information on Ross-on-Wye and the Wye Valley
& SCEPTRE TO REOPEN UNDER NEW CONDITIONS....
decision to allow the Crown & Sceptre Inn to reopen
was made on Monday, 18th October after Sarah Dean applied
for transfer of the Premises Licence and a change of Designated
Premises Supervisor into her name.
application was made on 13th October and Herefordshire Council's
regulatory subcommittee decided to allow the pub to reopen
with revised conditions to the pub's licence, which are
· 2 SIA registered door staff to be employed between the
hours of 9pm and 12.30am on Friday and Saturday night.
· A risk assessment to be carried out to extend these hours
or to employ additional staff as required.
· Ensure that either the Premises Licence Holder or Bar
Manager are within the licensed premises at all times of
· The outside area of the premises to be closed from 11pm
on any evening.
hearing was called after new premise holder, Sarah Dean,
made a representation against the interim step of suspension
of the pub's licence which was agreed by the regulatory
subcommittee at an expedited review hearing. This expedited
review hearing was held after an application was made by
the Chief Constable of West Mercia Police who was concerned
about disorder in and near the premises. He
told the hearing there had been in the region of 20 crime
and disorder incidents in or near the premises in 2010,
with 11 of these having taken place since June this year.
allows the licence holder to make representations against
the interim steps at any time up until the full review hearing
which will be taking place on Wednesday, 27th October at
10am. At the time of the expedited review, Nicholas Cousens
and Angela Cousens from Hampshire, were the licence holders
but they did not attend the expedited review hearing.
the meeting on Monday, Sarah told councillors she was willing
to employ two SIA door staff for Friday and Saturday between
9pm and 12.30am and would reduce the licensed hours to 10am
to 11pm (Sunday to Thursday) and 10am to midnight (Friday
and Saturday). The suspended licence allowed alcohol to
be sold between 10am to midnight (Sunday to Thursday) and
10am until 2am (Friday and Saturday). Sarah Dean said either
she or the bar manager would be on the premises at all times
and the outside area would be closed and locked by 11pm
Mooney, West Mercia Police licensing officer, told the hearing
the police had met Ms Dean last week and welcomed the conditions
because they did not want to see a premises in one of the
market towns closed but had a responsibility to ensure public
Crown & Sceptre Inn which will reopen under new terms and conditions.
LOCAL HEAD TEACHER IN RUNNING FOR TOAST AWARDY.....
Tony Griffiths, Head Teacher of Goodrich Primary School
is delighted to learn that he has been short listed to the
top three nominees for a Toast Award. The awards are a promotion
being run by Wyevern FM, who have been encouraging their
listeners to vote for their favourite businesses and people
in the area.
of the categories is Best Teacher and somebody had nominated
Mr. Griffiths to win. Wyevern were so impressed with the
story sent in about this popular local teacher that they
just had to put him in the top three. It is now up to listeners
to vote for their favourite before 11:30pm on Sunday, 31st
October. If you would like to vote for Tony, please visit
two other nominees for Best Teacher are Mrs. Anne Cooper
of Mordiford C of E Primary School and Mr. Harrison of Gorse
Hill Primary School.
GUNNERS ALL STARS WOULD LIKE TO THANK YOU....
Gunners All Stars, led by Steve 'Ozzy' Bond and Garry Davies
have had a very busy time of it during the past 11 months
in their endeavour to raise money for Acorns Children's
at the Man of Ross Inn, the group have met weekly to plan
and organize some very entertaining fund raising events
and so far have exceeded their original target of £10,000.
To date they have managed to raise £10,400 with as much
as £1,000 still to collect from sponsors for Acorns Children’s
Hospice. A further £789 was raised for Aston Villa Former
Players association, which was raised at the charity football
match held on Sunday, 10th October when the Ross team competed
against the Aston Villa Veterans, between whom and Acorns
the proceeds were split.
Gunners All Stars would like to express their thanks to
everyone who supported, sponsored and helped with their
fund raising events, as 98% of the money raised has come
from the people and businesses in Ross-on-Wye.
Aston Villa Old Stars comprised: Manager Chris Nicholl,
1 Derek Dudley, 2 Charlie Singh, 3 Bryan Small, 4 John Capaldi,
5 Ken McNaught, 6 Neil Rioch, 7 Pat Heard, 8 Colin Gibson,
9 Dale Belford, 10 Gordon Cowans, 11 Tony Morley, 12 Karl
Court, 14 Mark Henson.
Ross Gunners All Stars, pictured below are: Manager Gary
Davies, Assistant Manager Steve Bond, Player Coach Chad
Harris, Fitness Coach Jerry Whitehouse, 1 Ray Lewis and
Peter Lea, 2 Mark Ward, 3 Mark Ravenhill, 4 Ian Phillips,
5 Robin Fletcher, 6 Robert Payne, 7 Roger Powell, 8 Adrian
Robertshaw , 9 Mick Conroy, 10 Liam Parry, 11 Lee Hall,
12 Kevin Rose, 13 Martin Payne, 14 Phillip Miles, 15 Jack
Lewis, 16 Jimmy Moreton, 17 Dewi Stuart, 18 Billy Carr.
Gunners All Stars.
LIONS HELP ACORNS FUND TO GROW....
Lions have been strong supporters of the Acorns Children's
Hospice for many years, raising and donating thousands of
pounds to this important charity. Acorns do a fantastic
job for sick and terminally ill children and their families.
The Worcester Hospice is a joy to see and visit, so cheerful
is the atmosphere, howver, this and other Acorns hospices
cost a fortune just to keep open.
Lions is proud to be among the many supporters of this great
charity that does so much for our local sick children. Ross
Lions President, Trevor Smith was delighted to hand over
a cheque for £500 to Mike Tague of Accorns at the
recent Ross Gunners All Stars v Aston Villa Old Stars football
Lions President, Trevor Smith hands over £500 to Acorns representative,
Mike Tague at the recent charity football match.
WYENOT GET TOGETHER?Y.....
After the bitter disappointment Ross residents felt at the
cancellation of JAMSTAND, the dust appears to be finally
settling and many people have been asking the question,
'Will there be anything like it going on next year?' Well
the answer to that, of course is 'No!' Nothing could replace
what the JAMSTAND team provided for Ross and its visitors
for three years running and it would be pointless to try.
local people have come up with an idea for next year; not
to replace JAMSTAND and not to compete with the brilliant
Ross Town Carnival, but something in between the two. Why
not get together and show people from all over just what
Ross-on-Wye has to offer its residents and visitors by holding
a full day of activity and entertainment for everybody.
From fun activities and demonstrations during the early
part of the day from around 11am to live music by the best
local bands performing later in the afternoon until around
idea is to get as many traders, dance groups, side shows,
food and drink outlets, charity stalls and performers, musical
and otherwise together, with the emphasis on local. If you
are a local person who can sing, dance, sell, cook, sponsor,
help form a committee or generally assist in putting on
a big Ross event next year, possibly for the last Saturday
in June, then please contact me as soon as possible at firstname.lastname@example.org
SCHOOL PUPIL JORDAN NOMINATED FOR WEST MERCIA GOOD CITIZEN AWARD....
Simpkins is a pupil at Lea Primary School in Ross-on-Wye
and is described as a 'dream pupil' with a 'thoughtful,
considerate and sunny natured personality.' He is a strong
role model for younger children, hardworking, a passionate
sportsman, kind and determined to do the right thing in
all he does. As a Young Leader he has planned and presented
a variety of fun playtime activities for much younger children
within the school and is Chairman of the School Action Group.
He is also one of the School's Road Safety Officers.
aged 11, long with 16 year old Ayla Clingo of Hereford are
the two youngsters from Herefordshire who have been nominated
for West Mercia Police's prestigious Young Good Citizen
Award 2010, which hails outstanding acts of citizenship
by young people. The award will be presented at a gala event
on Thursday 21st October in partnership with local education
authorities to recognize young people aged 18 and under
who have made an outstanding contribution to their community
in the last year.
are nominated for their acts of generosity and displays
of community spirit that have made a difference to other
people's lives. Ten nominees have been selected from across
Herefordshire, Shropshire, Telford & Wrekin and Worcestershire,
with two coming from each policing area (which includes
North and South Worcestershire).
has been nominated for her work at the Symmonds Street drop-in
centre in Hereford, which caters for children in care. Ayla
has worked in the group since 2005 with the aim of making
literature easier to use and understand. She has also been
an important link between adults and young people, always
making herself available and going out of her way to help
others. She has also helped young people to realize some
of their ambitions; for example she secured dance lessons
for one girl who was scared of discussing her interest with
adults. Ayla and Jordan will be among the 10 from whom one
young person will be selected by Chief Constable Paul West
as Young Good Citizen of the Year 2010 at the event, which
will take place at Police Headquarters, Hindlip Hall, Worcester.
West said, 'The Good Citizen Award is important to West
Mercia Police and very close to my heart, because for a
number of years now the award has highlighted the exceptional
contribution many young people make to local communities
across West Mercia. Holding the awards ceremony is one way
of trying to redress the sometimes negative view of young
people held by some and reported in certain sections of
the media. In fact, these young Good Citizen nominees are
just the tip of the iceberg of the many thousands of young
people who make a positive difference to other people's
lives and their communities on a daily basis. We should
be proud of them all and welcome the opportunity to celebrate
mark this year's ceremony 'Wanted' posters have been designed
to celebrate the fact that Ayla and Jordan are the sort
of young people Herefordshire can be proud of. Instead of
being wanted for crimes, Jordan is wanted 'for doing so
much for his school and friends' while Ayla is wanted 'for
offering help and support for children in care.'
West added: 'We've had these posters made to invert some
of those negative stereotypes that can be held of young
people as well as give each of our finalists a fun memento
of the night. I'm so impressed by this year's nominees;
more people of their calibre are 'wanted' in all of our
CARDS FOR GOOD CAUSES OPENING SOONY.....
The popular Cards for Good Causes shop will once again be
taking up residence at Ross Market House Heritage Centre
from the beginning of November offering residents and visitors
a whole range of Christmas cards, gifts and wrapping to
choose from whilst supporting their favourite local or national
Cards for Good Causes will be officially opened by Ross
Town Mayor, Councillor Jo Lane at 10:30 am on Tuesday, 2nd
November and all are welcome to attend and grab first choice
of what is available.
Sinclair Powell said, 'We're delighted to have the Cards
for Good Causes back in the Heritage Centre. Everyone is
so generous and really helps us raise more for our charities.
Charity cards are a great way to buy once and give twice
- once to the person you send the card to and again to your
Heritage Centre Charity Christmas card shop is one of a
countrywide network of shops. Over the last five years charities
have received £20 million from Cards for Good Causes for
their Christmas card sales. Cards for Good Causes keeps
its operating costs to an absolute minimum, so charities
receive at least 75p in every £1 from their card sales out
of which they have to pay for the production and distribution
of their cards and any applicable VAT.
shop, staffed by local volunteers, will be open during normal
Heritage Centre opening hours which are: 10am until 1pm
then 1:30pm until 4pm Tuesday to Sunday, from 2nd November
until 12th December. The centre is closed on Mondays. Why
not go along and see what is available and help your favourite
charity at the same time?
HAPPY 30TH BIRTHDAY TO JAMES PALMER!
Sarah, Bernice, Matt, Chris, Tina & Alan
IN CAMPAIGN TO SAVE PONTRILAS POST OFFICE....
Norman, MP, has backed a local campaign to save Pontrilas
Post Office and support its sub-postmaster Nigel Corner,
after his dismissal by Post Office Counters Ltd. The case
has now gone to appeal.
ran the countywide Save Our Post Offices campaign at the
time of the closures in 2008-9. He met last week in Pontrilas
with Kentchurch Parish Council Chairman, John Pring and
Councillor Chris Cheyney to discuss the situation. Having
written to the Chief Executive of the Post Office when the
problem first arose, he will now be taking the fight forward
said, 'It very much appears as though the Post Office may
be using this unfortunate incident to close a very important
village Post Office by stealth. Mr Corner was dismissed
for a quite understandable first time mistake, having worked
long and hard to build up the Post Office in the service
of the local community. He deserves a second chance. Yet
he has not been paid for six weeks now, and the appeal may
go on for another six weeks or more as well.
Post Office is a crucial community resource, with excellent
parking and disabled access. If it disappears, the effect
will be to harm local people, especially the elderly, and
to push even more traffic into Ewyas Harold. Moreover, the
Pontrilas sorting office would almost certainly go too,
and with that the sorting office in Longtown, which it supplies.
So the well-being of two post offices and two villages is
is vital to do everything we can to stop this from happening.'
Norman, MP with Chris Cheyney and John Pring.
JOIN IN THE HALF TERM HALLOWE'EN FUN IN HEREFORDY.....
If you see fairies, witches and creepy crawlies arriving
then it must be nearly Hallowe'en, and Hereford City has
a range of fun events throughout half-term to entertain
children and adults alike! Whether it's a pumpkin-hunt for
the children, or daring the challenge of plunging your hand
into a box of creepy crawlies, there are prizes to be won.
fun starts on Saturday, 23rd October when the Mayor is awarding
prizes to the biggest Herefordshire pumpkins and there will
be free pumpkin soup for all.
will make a fleeting visit on Monday, 25th October, when
Museum on the Move will be in High Town all day, offering
children young and old the chance to dress up and take part
in lots of activities exploring the fables and stories about
these curious little creatures. If you aren't quick enough
to catch them on Monday, they will be back again for the
day on Friday, 29th.
Saturday, 30th October, older children will have the opportunity
to take part in a Pumpkin Hunt throughout the Butter Market,
whilst the under 5's can win one of the prizes donated by
Thornton's chocolates, in a special Hallowe'en colouring
competition. Adults can join in the fun too by taking a
'Get me out of Here' challenge to see if they can win some
very special prizes hidden amongst the creepy crawlies
week will end with a Saints Alive, Hallowe'en Special on
Sunday, 31st starting in St Peter's Church with craft workshops,
followed by tea and cakes in All Saints and a procession
on Broad Street with the Cider City Jazzmen.
further information about any of these events, contact Shelagh
Callaghan, Hereford City's Events Officer by email at: email@example.com
YOUNG HEREFORDSHIRE POET LAUREATE FINALS....
finals of the of The Young Poet Laureate for Herefordshire
will take place on Saturday, 23rd October at The Courtyard
Studio Theatre from 6:30pm - 7.45pm when five young hopefuls
aged between 11 to 18 years will perform their work in front
of an audience and a panel of judges. The competition is
being organized by Herefordshire Council's library service.
Young Poet Laureate of Birmingham, Matt Windle will be there
to introduce the budding poets and to inspire the young
contenders. Matt was the first male Young Poet Laureate
of Birmingham 2007 /2008. He has since gone on to become
a very successful professional performance poet and recently
went on tour to perform in schools in Indonesia.
who does lots of work in libraries and schools around the
West Midlands said, 'I have had some great responses from
young people that I have worked with in the past. Many of
them have thought poetry was boring before my session and
fun and exciting a few hours later. I like my workshops
to be fun for young people and break the stereotypes of
how poetry is normally perceived.'
Council's reader development librarian, Anne-Marie Dossett
said, 'We have had some excellent entries this year. It
will be an exciting final, there are some very talented
poets in our county.'
winner of this competition will be the next Young Poet Laureate
for Herefordshire for one year and get the chance to perform
at the Ledbury Poetry Festival and other events. The current
laureate is 13-year-old Sapphire de Sousa Stayton from Ross-on-Wye
and she will be one of the judges in this year's competition.
are only £2 available from The Courtyard box office.
Windle, former Young Poet Laureate from Birmingham.
WORK BEGINS ON PAY ON FOOT CAR PARK IN HEREFORD.....
Work has started on Hereford's first 'Pay on Foot' parking
facility at the Maylord Orchards car park. The work is being
carried out during the night to minimize disruption.
on Foot Systems require motorists to take a ticket on entering
the car park and then pay for the amount of time they have
used when they return to the car park. Entry and exit to
the car park is controlled by barriers.
Brian Wilcox, Herefordshire Council's cabinet member for
highways and transportation said, 'The vibrancy of Hereford
relies on its ability to attract shoppers and visitors and
this scheme is one way to ensure people who come to the
city spend more time here. The new scheme has three main
benefits being that shoppers can spend as long as they like
in the city without worrying about getting a Penalty Charge
Notice, motorists will only pay for the time they are in
the car park and they don't have to overpay in advance.
payment machines themselves will also be more convenient
to use as they will be able to take coins, notes, debit
and credit cards as well as giving change. Blue
badge holders and Concessionary disc holders will still
get their parking concession by going into the Shopmobility
Centre which is located in the car park. The facility is
expected to be operational towards the end of November.'
pay on foot facility is phase one of a pilot scheme and
its operation will be fully assessed before deciding on
whether or not to role it out to other suitable car parks
in the city.
LOOT FROM BOOTS IN LEDBURY....
are appealing to the public for their help in identifying
two men wanted for stealing expensive items from a store
in Ledbury last month.
Tuesday, 21st and Wednesday, 22nd September, the thieves,
pictured below entered the Ledbury branch of Boots on two
occasions and stole cosmetics totalling around £3000.
Paul Hunter of the Ledbury Town Local Policing Team said,
'This pair was brazen: they helped themselves to cosmetics
and perfume off the shelves, filled up a large carrier bag
and quickly walked out. We are hoping that someone will
recognize the men from these CCTV images. If you do, please
contact me via the West Mercia Police non-emergency line,
0300 333 3000 or the anonymous Crimestoppers number 0800
LOG ON AT YOUR LIBRARY TO APPLY FOR CENSUS JOB.....
Local people who do not have internet access but want to
apply for one of the jobs being advertised to help make
sure next year's census goes without a hitch, can log on
for free at a local library or one of Herefordshire Council's
customer service centres. Across
the west midlands, the Office for National Statistics is
recruiting around 3,000 people to fill a range of full and
part time temporary positions to make sure the census, which
takes place on 27th March 2011, goes smoothly.
census is carried out once every ten years and gives Central
Government and other agencies the information they need
to decide how best to provide services which meet the needs
of local people. It also provides local community groups
with the evidence they need to access funding. To find out
more and apply for the jobs, people should go online and
visit www.censusjobs.co.uk . Those without Internet access
can log on at their local library or their local Herefordshire
Council customer service centre. Most
of the jobs themselves don't involve the use of computers,
but all require some simple online training. If you're aren't
confident using computers and don't have anyone who could
help you with the training, contact the Community Learning
& Employability team for advice on 01432 260637.
is a fantastic job opportunity to help play a key role in
an event which will impact the whole of Herefordshire and
at the same time earn some additional income,' said Natalia
Silver of Herefordshire Council. 'Without local people involved
in the process, the census will not be completed effectively.
It's essential we all complete the forms to make sure that
everyone is counted. The data is very important in informing
where we are as a county and help in future planning.'
available include census co-ordinators, who will help to
manage local teams, census collectors, who will provide
help and support on the doorstep and special enumerators,
who will be responsible for communal establishments including
care homes, hotels and student halls of residence.
Census Director, Glen Watson said, 'I am pleased to announce
the start of our campaign to recruit 35,000 people across
England and Wales for the 2011 Census. The census is not
just about counting people. The information it provides
is needed to plan vital services like schools, hospitals,
housing, roads and emergency services. The 2011 Census is
less than six months away. We need to give people help and
support to complete and return the census questionnaire
and this means recruiting the right people for this important
NEW FIGUREHEAD TO PROMOTE TOURISM IN COUNTY
Ben Gill CBE has been appointed Chairman of the new Visit
Herefordshire, which aims to use private enterprise to boost
the county's important tourism economy.
Ben is a former President of the National Farmers Union
and President of the Confederation of European Agriculture,
and is currently a Director of Hawkhills Consultancy Ltd,
which advises business in the agrifood industry, and is
Managing Director of The Hawk Creative Business Park, based
in North Yorkshire.
Ben, who lives in Herefordshire, is also Chairman of English
Apples and Pears, which represents the interests and co-ordinates
the marketing of England's top fruit growers; Chairman of
Eden Research, which develops the use of natural pesticides,
Chairman of Grants Veterinary Services, a major supplier
to the Meat Hygiene Service and a non executive director
of Countrywide Farmers plc. Sir Ben is also Chairman of
the judging panel for the annual Flavours of Herefordshire
Herefordshire is being enhanced as a result of a review
of tourism in Herefordshire, which was approved by Herefordshire
Council's cabinet in September. The partnership will work
with Shropshire and Telford under the new Local Enterprise
Partnership. It will be private sector led and will undertake
a strategic role in growing the visitor economy and marketing
a distinctive new brand for Herefordshire to a range of
regional, national and international audiences.
Herefordshire's tourism industry is currently worth around
£415 million a year, a recent study has suggested there
is the potential to grow the annual tourism spend. A modest
increase of £100 million a year, which would bring the county
up to the average performance for England, would support
up to 2,000 extra local jobs, bringing the total to over
10,000 jobs in tourism. The move could also increase the
equivalent value of tourism to around £2,800 a year for
every single resident in the county. But the new Visit Herefordshire
body will be looking to beat the average figure.
The original Visit Herefordshire was formed in 2006 to promote
the county, to run online bookings and arrange events such
as the Herefordshire Food Festival. Discussions on the resourcing
and staffing of the new Visit Herefordshire have begun and
a new county brand will be created to capitalize on its
attractions for tourism, enterprise and investment.
Lyons, Interim Chairman of Visit Herefordshire, welcomed
the appointment and said, 'This is an exciting time to promote
a new approach to marketing our county as a destination,
and we are fortunate to secure the appointment of Sir Ben
to this key role in creating a new partnership to inspire
a broad range of enterprises to help drive and support this
essential part of our rural economy.'
Ben Gill said, 'I am enormously excited by the opportunity
that I have been given to develop and build a new base to
promote and develop the untapped beauty and resources of
the county. The way Herefordshire brands and promotes itself
needs to come into the modern age, and the challenge and
opportunity has never been greater, as have the potential
rewards. I look forward to working across the private and
public sector to create and deliver a vision that will make
the most of our unique, unspoilt environment, historical
heritage and distinctive culture and qualities.'
Adrian Blackshaw, cabinet member for economic development
added, 'I am delighted that Sir Ben, whose clear track record
and proven talent in tourism, agriculture, food marketing
and enterprise on the world stage, will be taking the key
strategic role in promoting Herefordshire as the destination
of choice for business, investment and tourism.
is the time to create a tourism offering which is fit for
the future, making the most of new technology and up-to-date
marketing techniques for the ultimate benefit and prosperity
of everyone in Herefordshire.'
BE CAREFUL WHERE YOU PARK AT AUCTION.....
Take care to park legally when visiting the popular car
auction at Kingsland or you could end up with a £70
fixed penalty charge notice. Herefordshire
Council has received many reports of people parking on the
grass verges where there are double yellow lines on the
road and they are now taking enforcement action against
offenders in the interest of public safety.
Brian Wilcox of Herefordshire Council said, 'Motorists attending
these car auctions should use the car park provided instead
of parking on the grass verges. The road here is a busy
route and cars parked on verges pose a real danger to other
motorists. Motorists think they can park on the grass verges
but if there are yellow lines on the road these also mean
people cannot park on the verge.
parking enforcement officers can issue tickets for vehicles
parked illegally and will not hesitate to do so because
they pose a real risk to road safety.'
MALE VOICE CHOIR TO HOLD CHARITY CONCERT....
Police Male Voice Choir is holding a charitable Christmas
concert in Hereford on Tuesday, 7th December. The concert
is being held at Hereford's crematorium chapel at 7.15pm
and all proceeds will go to Action Duchenne, a charity fighting
for a cure for Muscular Dystrophy.
Gibbon, Herefordshire Council's bereavement services manager
said, 'Last year's concert was a wonderful occasion and
we are delighted to be repeating the event this year, with
again all proceeds going to charity. We have again received
support from Tesco to provide refreshment and draw prizes
have been kindly donated by Funeral Directors and I am delighted
to see this wonderful chapel used for such a joyous occasion.'
cost £6 for adults, £3 for children and include refreshments.
If you would like to book tickets, please call 01432 383200.
Police Male Voice Choir.
MAN GETS COMMUNITY SERVICE FOR FAKING DVDs.....
A Credenhill man was sentenced to 120 hours of community
service and ordered to forfeit thousand of fake DVDs and
computer equipment by Hereford Magistrates Court on Friday,
15th October. The
man admitted four charges under the Trade Marks Act 1994
of producing fake DVDs at home in Credenhill. His computer
and external hard drives were found to contain more than
6,500 films illegally downloaded, including ones which had
not even been released yet onto the UK market.
Thorne, Herefordshire Council's principal trading standards
officer said, 'People who produce and sell counterfeit games
and films cause severe damage to genuine high street retailers
as well as depriving a huge number of people of the royalties
they deserve for their contribution to the making of these
copyrighted products. In addition, the quality of these
fake items is often very poor and consumers should report
anyone who is involved in their production or sale.'